Signing of Japan-Manchukuo-China Joint Declaration

Flanked by courtiers, Zang Shiyi, the Manchukuo ambassador to the RNG (seated to the left), Noboyuki Abe, Japanese ambassador to the RNG (seated to the right), and Wang Jingwei (seated in the centre) sign the Japan-Manchukuo-China Joint Declaration on 30 November 1940, through which RNG China recognised Manchukuo. The Declaration was attached to the Sino-Japanese Basic Treaty, through which Japan formally recognised the RNG. Both documents were signed within the main RNG government compound in Nanjing. The flags of Japan, China and Manchukuo are on the wall behind the men.

Date

30 November 1940

Artist/Creator

Anon

Medium

Photograph

Theme

Return to the capital

Case Studies

Japanese-occupied China
(1937-1945)

Keywords

Abe Nobuyuki, diplomacy, flag, treaties, Wang Jingwei, Zang Shiyi

Further information

Further Reading

John Hunter Boyle, China and Japan at War, 1937-1945: The Politics of Collaboration (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1972).

Source

The National Archives

Source Reference Details

CN 11/11

Permissions/Acknowledgements

Courtesy of the National Archives

COTCA Identifier

TNA-0002

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