Signing of the Japan-Manchukuo-China Joint Declaration on 30 November 1940 in Nanjing.
Flanked by courtiers, Zang Shiyi, the Manchukuo ambassador to the RNG (seated to the left), Noboyuki Abe, Japanese ambassador to the RNG (seated to the right), and Wang Jingwei (seated in the centre) sign the Japan-Manchukuo-China Joint Declaration on 30 November 1940, through which RNG China recognised Manchukuo. The Declaration was attached to the Sino-Japanese Basic Treaty, through which Japan formally recognised the RNG. Both documents were signed within the main RNG government compound in Nanjing. The flags of Japan, China and Manchukuo are on the wall behind the men.
- 30 November 1940
- Return to the capital
- Abe Nobuyuki, diplomacy, flag, treaties, Wang Jingwei, Zang Shiyi
John Hunter Boyle, China and Japan at War, 1937-1945: The Politics of Collaboration (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1972).
Source Reference Details
Courtesy of the National Archives