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Untitled (Boy dressed as angel of peace)

A boy is dressed as the “angel of peace” and rides on a float during celebrations marking the first anniversary of the founding of the Guangdong Provincial Government under Wang Jingwei in May 1941. The building in the background is the city’s Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hall (Zhongshan jiniantang).

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Drum major

Photograph of an RNG brass band led by a drum major in front of the Executive Yuan in Japanese-occupied Nanjing. The “occupation state” put great store in military parades.

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Subhas Chandra Bose in Nanjing, November 1943

Lin Baisheng, RNG publicity minister (second from right) and Chu Minyi (second from left) accompany a uniformed Subhas Chandra Bose (far left) (leader of the Indian National Army) during his visit to Nanjing in November 1943. Both Wang Jingwei and Bose had attended the Greater East Asia Conference in Tokyo in the same month, and Bose’s visit to Nanjing was celebrated by an administration which had few opportunities to welcome prominent international leaders to its capital.

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Entrance to RNG Government Headquarters

Chinese and Japanese soldiers guard the entrance to the ceremonial hall (litang) of the national government compound in Nanjing in November 1940. Above the door is a plaque, written by the head of the (non-RNG) national government Lin Sen, which reads: “Loyalty, benevolence, righteousness and peace” (zhongxiao, ren’ai. xinyi, heping). Note that the “unadulterated” Nationalist Chinese flag (without the yellow pennant that the RNG had been forced to attach by the Japanese in spring 1940) is flown here.

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Yonghu canzhan, baowei Dong Ya (Support the declaration of war; defend East Asia)

Poster of Chinese soldier celebrating the declaration of war on the Allies by RNG China. The poster reads “Yonghu canzhan, baowei Dong Ya” (Support the declaration of war; defend East Asia), and includes the text of Wang Jingwei’s declaration of war on the Allies on 9 January 1943. Note that some postwar owner of this poster has written “wei guomin zhengfu” (bogus National Government) to the right of the text by Wang Jingwei so as to clarify which Chinese administration was declaring war on this occasion.

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Kuai hui nimen de jiaxiang ba! (Hurry back to your homes!)

This leaflet, produced with the aim of encouraging civilians in occupied north China to return to cities and towns under Japanese rule, includes many of the standard tropes of early occupied north China propaganda: a “new woman”; city walls; the “five-coloured flag” (wuseqi). The text on the leaflet reads: “Hurry back to your homes! Return to your hometowns! The Japanese army will be here for a long time. Come and protect your livelihoods and your assets. Everyone can savour living in peace and enjoying their work again”.

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Changjiang huakan (Yangtze Pictorial) cover, January 1945

This cover image is taken from Changjiang huakan (Yangtse Pictorial) 16 (January 1945), a Wuhan-based pictorial. The image was by Noa Miura, a prolific Japanese illustrator attached to the Japanese military’s Press Corps (Hōdōbu), and a founding member of the official China Cartoon Association (Zhongguo Manhua Xiehui) in occupied China.

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